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Abstract

In fact drought is extremely serious problem in the Arab region, and will increase causing serious threat, keeping in mind that all Arab countries are suffering from fragility of their ecosystems, and facing severe risks of depletion of soil, vegetation, and water resources on daily basis. This is coupled with a population increase within this region rushing at scary rates further increase stresses on natural resources. According to ACSAD (2009) regional early warning for desertification, 68% of Syria is susceptible to desertification, (figure 17). Syria’s drought over the past three years and its increasing desertification is due to a combination of man-made and natural factors the sum of the climatic, biological and human factors which lead to the degradation of the physical, and endanger biodiversity and the survival of human communities. Flora and fauna species that lose their natural habitat can become extinct.